This chapter deals with the little analyzed (in the European context) impact of
MPs’ ethnic and gender characteristics on voter choice by drawing on survey
experiment data. The analysis shows mixed results. Although candidate gender
does not seem to have any impact on the likelihood of supporting parliamentary
candidates, having specific ethnic backgrounds can be an electoral burden.
However, as with previous studies, the effect depends on voters’ ideological
positions. The analysis also shows that, regardless of a candidate’s socio-demographic characteristics, it is party affiliation that matters most for voter
choice in both countries. These are noteworthy results particularly for the case
of France with its well-known candidate-centered electoral system.