In Germany, holding a local mandate is an important step on the career ladder of political representatives at the state and federal level. Although women are underrepresented in terms of numbers in German local politics, there are only few studies analysing this phenomenon. That is why the present article studies the impact of different institutional, cultural and socioeconomic contexts at the local level on the political representation of women in 28 Hessian municipalities. The study shows that the percentage of women in the studied municipal councils varies strongly. Furthermore, the macro-analysis reveals that there is a strong relationship between percentage of women and degree of urbanisation as well as political make-up of the local councils.