Plasma half-life extension of small recombinant antibodies by fusion to immunoglobulin-binding domains
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Journal of Biological Chemistry 287 (7): 4462--4469 (Februar 2012)

Many therapeutic proteins possessing a small size are rapidly cleared from circulation. Half-life extension strategies have therefore become increasingly important to improve the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of protein therapeutics. Here, we performed a comparative analysis of the half-life extension properties of various bacterial immunoglobulin-binding domains (IgBDs) derived from Staphylococcus protein A (SpA), Streptococcus protein G (SpG), and Finegoldia (formerly Peptostreptococcus) protein L (PpL). These domains, composed of 50-60 amino acid residues, were fused to the C terminus of a single-chain Fv and a bispecific single-chain diabody, respectively. All fusion proteins were produced in mammalian cells and retained their antigen-binding properties. The half-lives of the antibody molecules were prolonged to varying extents for the different IgBDs. The strongest effects in mice were observed for domain C3 of SpG (SpG(C3)) followed by domains B and D of SpA, suggesting that SpG(C3) is particularly useful to extend the plasma half-life of small proteins.
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